Folk, or vernacular architecture, as opposed to “polite architecture”, is based on craftsmanship that has been learned through practice. It is an architecture born of a particular environment and traditional skills and is dependent on materials from the immediate natural environment, just as the construction design and form is dependent on terrain and climate.
The most widespread examples of folk architecture date to the period around the turn of the 20th century. This was a time when industry was developing and when there was widespread migration to the towns for work, an increase in the transfer of influences to rural construction and greater use of industrial materials, and when the culture of living was undergoing change.
The best folk architects were the pečalbari, migrant workers coming from undeveloped regions with their specialised teams of workmen, such as the Crnotravci from the Vlasina region, after whom, in time, all workmen from the south and southeast of Serbia were named.
The village of Tršić is 9 km south-east of Loznica and is the birthplace Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, creator of the modern Serbian Cyrillic alphabet. The village comprises anethnographic park with memorial house, examples of folk architecture and visitor facilities.
In creating the ethnic village, special care was taken to permanently record and safeguard the memory of Vuk and his work, as well as preserve the natural environment and features of the area. In 1933 a memorial house was raised on the spot where the family home of Vuk Karadžić stood – a two-part log cabin with cellar and a steep roof covered in wood shingles.
In 1964, to mark the 100th anniversary of Vuk’s death, an amphitheatre with stage was built, to be used for staging the Vuk’s Gathering (Vukov Sabor) and Vuk’s Gathering for Children, and in 1987 work on Tršić was completed so that it could serve as a cultural and historical monument in its entirety.