ZEMUN

First traces of Zemun as a settlement go deep into the Neolithic period, some 4.500 years BC. First written sources mention Celtic settlement Taurunum that was formed in the place of today's Zemun in 1st century AD.
Due to its good location next to the river, destiny of Zemun and Belgrade was very similar. Numerous empires ruled in this area, including Roman, Turkish and Austro-Hungarian. Zemun became very important business center and harbour on Vienna - Istanbul river route in 18th and 19th century. At the end of 18th century, when Austrians (that already ruled in Zemun), took Belgrade from Turks, one precedent happened. Austrians decided to adjoin Belgrade to Zemun so for the first and the last time in its history, Zemun was ruling city. Some 140 years later, in 1918 Zemun became part of newly made Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and in 1934 it was integrated in Belgrade. During second half of 20th century, as New Belgrade grew bigger, Zemun merged with it and today stands as inseparable part of the Belgrade (although its old residents don't agree with this).

GARDOŠ HILL

Gardoš Hill is heart of Zemun. This part of Zemun differs from Belgrade architecturally and by its spirit. Narrow streets and the proximity of Danube, with which Zemun is in an 'intimate relationship', give a specific charm to Gardoš. With its bistros, it is an equivalent of Skadarlija, but instead of traditional Serbian specialities, it mostly offers fine fish dishes. Its cobblestone streets rise above the Danube and offer beautiful view over the river, the confluence and Belgrade.
On a top of a Gardoš Hill stands Millennium Tower or formerly known as Sibinjanin Janko Tower (named after a hero who allegedly died in this place). It was built in 1896 on a place of former Zemun Castle to celebrate 1.000 years of Hungarian rule in this area. Today, ground floor of Millennium Tower serves as an art gallery. On the first floor, you will find observation deck and permanent exhibition dedicated to Serbian scientist Milutin Milanković who was the first to explain how climate changes affect the Earth. Gardoš is centre of cultural events in Zemun and it hosts various theatre and music festivals, especially during summer.

ZEMUN SQUARES

Zemun has three important squares - Avijatičarski, Veliki and Magistratski. Avijatičarski Square is known after the building of former Air Force Command. Constructed in the style of modern architecture, this building has interesting look since it imitates airplane. Its facade is decorated with the statue of big Icarus, work of sculptor Zlata Markov-Baranj. In 1999 building was damaged during NATO bombing, however not entirely so it can be seen today.
Veliki trg and Magistratski trg lie next to each other. Veliki trg has always been center of trade. Even today, here stands green market where you can buy fresh groceries and dairy products. Here also lies Catholic Church of Blessed Virgin Mary that was built on a ground of former mosque from the time of Turkish rule. After Austrians came, mosque was demolished and church was erected. Church was reconstructed in 19th century and at that time, it got its present Baroque look.
Magistratski trg has always been seat of the municipal council and that tradition is kept until today since Zemun City Hall stands on this square. During winter holidays, here is held Christmas market where you can buy all kind of goodies, sweets, decoration and souvenirs.
Between these two squares lies Gospodska Street. This old street was always known after stores and shops of Zemun craftsmen. Today as a pedestrian zone, street continues this tradition. However, old craftsmen stores were replaced with cafes and modern boutiques.

ZEMUN ATTRACTIONS

Three old houses stand out among Zemun attractions. However not by its architecture but by its stories and people who passed through them. The first one is the oldest house in Zemun and Belgrade. It dates from the 17th century and it represents the only building from period of Turkish rule in Zemun. Some historic documents say that Prince Eugene of Savoy stayed in it while making plans for Belgrade attack in 1717. In later period, ground floor of the house was transformed into bistro White Bear and that name stayed until today. Unfortunately, house is abandoned and closed for public.
House of Ičko, although named after merchant Petar Ičko, didn't belong to him. This building was logging house where Ičko stayed for a while. He had important role in the First Serbian Rising and later in peace negotiations with Turks that ended with reconciliation in 1807. To honour him, this house is named after Ičko.
Karamata house, built in 1762, belongs to Karamata family. Dimitrije Karamata bought this house in 1772 and during its long history, many famous guests stayed in it. Among them were Emperor Franz Joseph II, his nephew Franz I and Serbian educator Vuk Karadžić. During war between Austro-Hungarian and Turkish empires, headquarters of Austro-Hungarian army was in this house. Due to rich artistic heritage (valuable paintings and portraits) and history, Karamata House was put under protection of State and stands as a monument of culture. Karamata Family still lives in it.
In the main Zemun street called Glavna stands Zemun Museum. It is situated in house of old, rich and influential merchant family Spirta that was built around the 1840. Museum's permanent exhibition depicts rich Zemun history. Unfortunately, museum is under construction and closed indefinitely.
Zemun had large Jewish community that was mostly exterminated in WWII. Besides small community that resides in Zemun today, old Synagogue also reminds of their life in this town. In 1962, city government took synagogue from the community and transformed it into cultural center. During 90s synagogue was rented and a restaurant was open. Until today, Jewish community didn't find way to regain ownership under synagogue.

ZEMUNSKI PARK

Zemunski or Gradski (municipal) Park is located on the border of former old town, in a place where used to stand quarantine (Kontumac) for travelers that came across the Sava River (from Kalemegdan direction). Today from quarantine complex remained only two churches, Catholic dedicated to St. Roch and Orthodox dedicated to Archangels Michael and Gabriel. In its surrounding stand Sports Hall Pinki where you can go bowling and Zemun gymnasium, third oldest gymnasium in Serbia opened in 1858. On various locations around park, you will see remains such as Roman sarcophagus from long gone Zemun castle.

ART AND CULTURAL IN ZEMUN

Zemun is home to the first privately owned opera house in Serbia. Madlenianum was founded in 1998 in a building of former Zemun Theater. Rich repertoire includes operas, musicals, theater and concerts that are staged regularly.
Pinokio Puppet Theater is the only true puppet theater in Belgrade. Its repertoire includes performances based on the themes of classical fairy tales, myths, legends and epic poetry. The Theater is also the main organizer of the Festival of Monodrama and Pantomime that is held every year in Zemun.
One of the main art galleries in Zemun Stara kapetanija is located at the end of promenade. Besides permanent exhibitions, gallery organizes temporary exhibitions of solo or group artists who are oriented predominantly towards contemporary art. One of annual exhibitions that takes place in this gallery is exhibition of International caricature salon. Visitors can see works of many renowned caricature artists from all over the world.
Summer on Gardoš is one of favourite summer festivals in Zemun. It is held every July and August in Gardoš and includes theatre shows for children and adults, various workshops and concerts.

ZEMUN PROMENADE AND RESTAURANTS

No matter which direction you come to Zemun or where you go after, we suggest you to end your visit to Zemun at the promenade overlooking the Danube. This shaded promenade is probably the most beautiful part of Zemun, ideal place for enjoyment and relaxation. Along the promenade, you will notice many restaurants and you have to visit at least one of them. Restaurants offer various fish menus and excellent wine lists, and if you are lucky enough to find a table in a good spot, you will get breathtaking view over the river for free.