NAME OF STATE: Republic of Serbia
CAPITAL CITY: Belgrade, population more than 1,600,000
AUTONOMOUS REGIONS: Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija
GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION: Southeastern and Central Europe, Balkan Peninsula, Western Balkans
AREA: 88,509 km2
CLIMATE: moderate continental
LONGEST RIVER: Danube, Serbian section, 588 km
HIGHEST MOUNTAIN PEAK: Đeravica (in the Prokletije range), 2656 m
POPULATION (EXCLUDING KOSOVO AND METOHIJA): more than 7,000,000, 83% Serbs
FAITHS: 85% Eastern Orthodox Christian, 5.5% Roman Catholic Christian, 3.2% Muslim
NATIONAL HOLIDAY: 15th February – Serbian National Statehood Day
TIME ZONE: central European, CET (GMT + 1 hour)
ELECTRICITY: 220 ~ 230V, 50 Hz

Serbiais a landlocked country situated in southeastern Europe, in the centre of the Balkan Peninsula, between41°53′ and 46°11′ latitude North and 18°49′ and 23°00′longtitude East. BecauseSerbia covers part of the Pannonian Plain in the north, the country also belongs to Central Europe, while due to its southern region, in terms of geography and climate,Serbia is also considered a Mediterranean country.
Serbiastands at the crossroads of Eastern and Western Europe, its routes leading via the Morava-Vardar and Nišava-Marica valleys to the Aegean coast, to Asia Minor and to the Middle East. European Transport Corridors 7(the Danube) and 10 (road and rail) pass throughSerbia and meet inBelgrade.
Belgrade, the Serbian capital, lies on the Danube, a waterway connecting Western and Central European countries with the countries of Southeastern and Eastern Europe. Its harbour is visited by ships from the Black Sea, and with the opening of the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal it became a central point of the most important waterway in Europe which extends from the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean all the way to the Black Sea. The Belgrade-Bar railway line connects the city with the Adriatic Sea and Belgrade’s Nikola Tesla Airport is a hub for key European air routes.
Serbia’s borders are 2114.2 km in length. Serbia borders Bulgaria to the east, Romania to the northeast, Hungary to the north, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, Montenegro to the southwest and Albania and Macedonia to the south.

The northern part of Serbia, Vojvodina, located in the Pannonian Plain, is predominately flat. There are also plains in Mačva, Posavina, Pomoravlje and Stig, as well as in Negotinska Krajina in eastern Serbia. 55% of Serbia’s land is arable, the large part of which is located in Vojvodina, the country’s main agricultural region. The central part of Serbia and the hilly Šumadija region are located south of the Sava and Danube rivers. Further south, the hills gradually give way to mountains. The valleys of the Great, South and West Morava, Nišava and Ibra rivers cut through the hilly and mountainous areas of Serbia and are the main travel routes.
The forest coverage in Serbia is 27.3% in total and regional coverage varies: Vojvodina 6.8%, central Serbia 32.8% and Kosovo and Metohija 39.4%.
The mountain landscape of Serbia is rich in canyons, gorges and caves, as well as preserved forests which are home to a multitude of endemic species. Serbia’s mountains belong to:
-The Rhodopes range, which runs along the right and left sides of the South and Great Morava rivers.
-The Carpathians and Balkan Mountains, which are located in the eastern part of Serbia, south of the Danube river.
The Dinaric Alps mountain chain, the largest of the mountain regions, is divided into eight sub-regions: Prokletiije, Šar, Stari Vlah-Raška, Kopaonik, Kosovo-Metohija, Šumadija, and the Rudne and Flišne mountains.
15 peaks reach an altitude of over 2000 m, of which the highest is Đeravica in the Prokletije, with a height of 2656 m.
Serbia’s rivers belong to the drainage basins of the Black, Adriatic and Aegean seas. Three rivers are fully navigable in Serbia: the Danube, Sava and the Tisa. The Velika Morava and Tamiš rivers are partly navigable. The longest river to flow through Serbia is the Danube, 588 km of its total 2783 km-long course, and over 90% of the river basin is occupied by this river. The largest lake in Serbia is the artificial Đerdap lake on the Danube which covers an area of 253 km2.

Largest cities in Serbia (populations according to the 2002 census):
-Belgrade; 1,576,124
-Novi Sad; 299,294
-Niš; 250,518
-Kragujevac; 175,802

Longest rivers in Serbia:
-Danube, 588 km (of a total 2783 km)
-Zapadna Morava, 308 km
-Južna Morava, 295 km
-Ibar, 272 km
-Drina, 220 km (of a total 346 km)
-Sava, 206 km (of a total 945 km)
-Timok, 202 km
-Great Morava, 185 km
-Tisa, 168 km (of a total 966 km)
-Nišava, 151 km (of a total 218 km)
-Tamiš, 118 km (of a total 359 km)
-Begej, 75 km (of a total 244 km)

Largest lakes in Serbia:
-Đerdap Lake, 253 km2
-Vlasina Lake, 16 km2
-Perućac Lake, 12.4 km2
-Gazivode Lake, 11.9 km2
-Zvornik Lake, 8.1 km2
-Zlatar Lake, 7.2 km2
-Potpeć Lake, 7 km2
-Palić Lake, 5.6 km2

Highest mountain peaks in Serbia:
-Đeravica, 2656 m (Prokletije)
-Crni Vrh, 2585 m (Šar Mountains)
-Gusam, 2539 m (Prokletije)
-Bogdaš, 2533 m (Prokletije)
-Žuti Kamen, 2522 m (Prokletije)
-Ljuboten, 2498 m (Šar Mountains)
-Veternik, 2461 m (Koprivnik)
-Crni Krš, 2426 m (Prokletije)
-Hajla, 2403 m (Hajla)

The territory of the Republic of Serbia covers an area of 88,361 km2. Of this, the two autonomous provinces cover:
-21,506 km2, 24% – Vojvodina
-10,887 km2, 12.3% – Kosovo and Metohija
The Republic of Serbia is organised territorially into:
Territorial units of local self-government: municipalities, towns and the City of Belgrade
Territorial autonomy: the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija
In the Republic of Serbia there are 150 municipalities, 23 cities and the City of Belgrade, as the capital. The Republic of Serbia has 29 administrative districts, excluding the City of Belgrade which is the seat of all state administration bodies. Serbia has 6,169 populated areas, of which 207 are urban.
On the basis of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo and Metohija has been under the temporary civil and military administration of the United Nations since 10th June, 1999.

The climate of Serbia is moderately continental, with localised variations and a gradual change between the seasons. Nearby geographical regions like the Alps, the Mediterranean Sea, the Bay of Genoa, the Pannonian Basin and the Morava Valley, the Carpathian and Rhodope mountains, as well as Serbia’s hilly and mountainous region, with its valleys and plateaus, significantly influence the weather and climate in Serbia. The dominant position of river valleys from the south towards the hilly areas in the north of the country allows the deep penetration of polar air masses in southern regions. The vast majority of Serbian territory lies in a temperate climate zone, but the southwestern regions border the subtropical and continental climate zones.
The mean annual air temperature for areas 300 m above sea-level is 10.9°C and for regions at an altitude of 300 m to 500 m it is around 10°C. In mountainous regions above 1000 m the air temperature is around 6°C, while in regions above 1500 m it is around 3°C. Autumn is warmer than spring. The coldest month is January with the mean monthly temperature ranging from -6°C in mountainous regions to around 0°C in the country’s flat regions. The warmest month is July with the mean monthly temperature ranging from 11°C to 22°C The highest recorded temperature was 44.9°C in 2007 in Smederevska Palanka and the lowest recorded temperature was -39.5° in 1985 in the Pešter Plateau.
The annual rainfall in low-lying areas ranges from 540 to 820 mm. Regions which are 1000 m above sea-level have between 700 and 1000 mm of rainfall annually, while some mountain peaks in southwestern Serbia have up to 1500 mm of rainfall a year. The majority of Serbia has continental rainfall patterns, with larger volumes in the warmer half of the year, apart from southwestern areas which have the most rainfall in autumn. June is the rainiest month, with an average of 12 to 13% of the total annual rainfall that month. February and October are the least rainy months. The normal annual volume of rainfall for the entire country is 896 mm.
Snow cover is characteristic of the period between November and March, and sometimes there is snowfall in April and October too. Mountains above 1000 m can have snow cover all year round. January has the most days with snow cover, with 30 to 40% of the total annual number of days with snow cover occurring during that month.
The annual number of hours of sunshine ranges from 1500 to 2200 hours.
The winds which dominate the warmer part of the year are north-westerly and westerly. The Košava – an easterly and south-easterly wind which brings clear and dry weather in intervals of two to three days – is common in autumn and winter. South-westerly winds dominate the mountainous regions of south-western Serbia.
The mean atmospheric pressure in Belgrade is 1001 mb and the mean relative air humidity is 69.5%